GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
bouhdiba
 
First Name:
sofiane
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
EMPOWERMENT AS A MAJOR DETERMINANT IN THE FERTILITY TRANSITION: THE CASE OF YEMEN
 
Paper Proposal Text :
Yemen is in its way towards fertility transition. In fact, the Total Fertility Rates (TFR) dropped from 8.2 children per woman in 1950 to 4.6 today, and it is expected to reach 3.2 children per woman within 2025. That means that it could be no more far from the generation replacement level (2.1 children per woman) in the coming decade. This demographic study examines the empowerment of the Yemenite woman as a major determinant in the fertility transition in the country.
The study is organised into three sections. The first one reminds briefly the pattern of marriage and age at first reproduction in Yemen, showing how it is strongly related to the Islamic concepts of marriage, fertility and family. The second part examines to what extent the Yemenite woman has emancipated and started delaying age at marriage and first reproduction. In fact, good health, sexy body, successful carrier and other economic reasons are new arguments for late reproduction activity. In this second part, I will show that some differences may appear between the Yemenite society and other Arab countries in the region, as they are not at the same stage in the fertility transition.
The last part of the study is a reflection on the responses of the Yemenite society. It will focus on the micro social reactions (husband, parents, grand parents,…), but also at a macro level : (government, religious community, NGO’s,…). That will be also a prospective reflection, in which I will try to imagine how far can the Yemenite woman continue contributing to the reduction of fertility in Yemen.
The study uses data from the most recent surveys conducted in the region (DHS, PAPCHILD, PAPFAM), and will use the Bongaarts model.
 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF