GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
GOKCENAY
 
First Name:
Berivan
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
EVALUATING THE POSSIBLE “STATE STATUS” OF THE KURDISTAN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT IN TERMS OF THE REACTION OF TURKEY AND THE GCC COUNTRIES WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW
 
Paper Proposal Text :

Iraq, which went through a period of severe clashes after the US occupation in 2003, has turned into a region, based on political identities established by ethnic and sectarian divisions. The central Iraqi government, ruled by Shiite Nouri al-Maliki, have serious tensions both with the Kurds and the Sunnite Arabs. This causes a significant power struggle between the Kurdish, Sunnite and Shiite societies of the country. The primary proposal of the foreign powers to make Iraq get rid of its current fractions is about establishing an Iraqi identity that cleanses the ethnic and sectarian divisions. However that is not so easy.
The Arab Spring process has deeply affected the political, economic and cultural relations in the Middle East, which has already been considered as the most unstable region of the world, and changed the regional balances. New political and economic crises have become possible throughout this process and there are serious question marks on what the reactions of the regional countries will be against these crises. Declaration of a possible Kurdish state in Northern Iraq might be one of these possible crises. Thus, the aim of this paper is to evaluate the possible state status that the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) might gain, while facing a possible division in Iraq due to the developments mentioned above. The paper will do that regarding the possible impacts of such a state on the foreign policies of Turkey and the GCC countries in frame of the International Law.
There are two elements that link the issue to the GCC countries. First, the charter of the council adopts the protection of the territorial/geographical integrity of the current states as a principle. Second, these Gulf countries, which heavily depend on natural resources, target to preserve a secure and stable energy market. As a matter of fact, one the one hand there is the self-determination right of the Kurds, an ancient nation of the Middle East, and on the other hand there is the danger of the Arab Spring causing a security vacuum in the Gulf, thus a possible Iranian attempt to conquer the countries of the Gulf on a sectarian basis. This paper will try to analyze all these dimensions and explain the general parameters of a regional reaction, namely Turkey’s and the GCC’s, to a possible Kurdish state in Northern Iraq.
 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF