GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
Trends in Green Technology for the Sustainability of Agricultural Communities
Paper Proposal Text :
The Rio+20 Conference held in 2012 recognized the role of the green economy as an important tool in transitioning of countries towards sustainable development and achieving poverty eradication. In particular, the Rio+20 Outcome Document, “The Future We Want”, emphasizes the critical role that technology can play and calls on countries to create enabling conditions to foster environmentally sound technologies, particularly those that support a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. To this end, United Nations organizations are called upon to identify options to facilitate mechanisms to promote the development, transfer and dissemination of clean and environmentally sound technologies.
ESCWA has the mandate and convening power to engage dialogue among a range of stakeholders in the Arab region (17 member states including GCC countries) in order to build a common understanding on what constitutes “appropriate” and what constitutes “green” in technology transfer and adaptation to promote sustainable development. Through a multi-disciplinary and holistic process linking normative with operational work, ESCWA is supporting concerned stakeholders adopting standards and criteria for developing appropriate GT tools that harness the knowledge and potential of local communities and support them with the necessary institutional and legislative framework and access to appropriate funding mechanisms.
Many countries of the region have experimented with environmentally-sound technologies, particularly those related to renewable energy, energy efficiency, agriculture or integrated water resources management in a bid to ensure access to sufficient, safe and affordable energy, food and water. This is especially critical in agricultural communities where there is an urgent need to improve social and economic conditions. However, many applications of these technologies did not go beyond the basic demonstration stage, and did not prove their capacity to cost effectively adapt to the needs of the receiving communities.
The objective of this paper will be to outline the recent trends in green technology for sustainability of agriculture communities. Emphasis on agricultural communities stems from the fact that it constitutes a large segment of the Arab population, whether in oil-exporting Arab economies or in the more diversified ones. This will assist in identifying key technologies that may not necessarily have the highest priority, but would be useful across a number of sectors. It will distinguish between labour-intensive versus capital-intensive technologies. It will distinguish also between home-grown technologies versus imported ready-made technologies. An attempt will be made to assess the social impact of green technologies as well. The research methodology shall include gathering experiences and success stories from the various regions of the world in the area of deploying green technologies in agricultural communities and linking that with the nature and attributes of the Arab countries.

It is hoped that such paper will motivate further dialogue and research among the various stakeholders, whether in the scientific community or the business community.