GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

Family Name:
Haj Bakry
First Name:
Title of Paper:
Identifying Knowledge Development Opportunities to Promote the GCC States-Turkey Relations
Paper Proposal Text :
Knowledge is becoming of increasing importance as a mean for development; and knowledge-based cooperation among nations can support joint development, and can enhance mutual understanding. This paper aims at exploring opportunities concerned with future knowledge-based cooperation between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries on the one hand and Turkey on the other. For this purpose, the paper presents a methodology for identifying such opportunities; and it uses the methodology together with international data for specifying them. The paper finally prioritizes future cooperation directions based on the results obtained.
The methodology used for identifying knowledge-based cooperation opportunities, between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and Turkey, is based on indicators of knowledge-related global international indexes. In this respect, the methodology considers the most important of these indexes namely: the index of the Knowledge Assessment Method (KAM), which has “148 indicators”; and the Global Innovation Index (GII), which has “84 indicators”. Assessing the state of the GCC countries relative to the state of Turkey in these indicators would lead to identifying knowledge cooperation opportunities from which all parties can benefit.
The indicators of the KAM index are grouped into two main parts: economic performance indicators; and the Knowledge Economy Index (KEI). This index is in turn grouped into: economic and instructional regime indicators; and the Knowledge Index (KI). The KI has three groups of indicators concerned with: education and human resources, including gender issues; innovation; and Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Through its wide scope, KAM indicators can help identifying various knowledge-based cooperation opportunities.
The GII index is also associated with a wide range of knowledge-based issues, as innovation is concerned with the live knowledge that delivers direct value. The index has seven pillars of indicators, five of which are concerned with innovation input that is innovation enablement; while the other two are associated with innovation output that is innovation deliverables. The input pillars include indicators on: institutions; human capital; infrastructure; market sophistication and business sophistication. The output pillars involve indicators on: knowledge and technology outputs; and creativity outputs.
Both KAM and GII borrow indicators from various international organizations including: the World-Bank; the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations (UNESCO); the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); the World Economic Forum (WEF); and others. The paper uses the latest available data to specify the knowledge cooperation opportunities between the GCC countries and Turkey. This data is published in 2012, but it is taken two to three years earlier; as transfer, verification and publication of such data usually takes time. With future potential cooperation, national data among the cooperated parties can be easily exchanged enabling the lost time to be saved.
Considering KAM and GII data for the GCC countries and Turkey, maps showing the strengths and weaknesses of the various parties in the different knowledge-related issues can be drawn. From these maps, knowledge cooperation opportunities can be specified in a way that leads to the benefit of all parties concerned. In addition, depending on the levels of differences, opportunities can be prioritized. It is hoped that the outcome of the work can find its way toward actual implementation and exploration of win-win future knowledge-based cooperation between the GCC countries and Turkey.
Abdulkader Alfantookh is the Deputy Minister of Higher Education for Planning and Information in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He is also Professor of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University. He received his PhD in 1995 from Illinois Institute of Technology, USA. His current research is mainly concerned with IT governance and security; and the development of higher education. ( (
Saad Haj Bakry is Professor of Information Networks, College of Computer & Information Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. He received his PhD from Aston University in Birmingham, England, in 1980; he is a Chartered Engineer and a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, UK. In addition to his academic work on the investigation and design of information and communication networks, he wrote three books and a number articles on the various issues of the knowledge society, including the role of higher education in its development and sustainability. (
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