GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
Integration of Information Literacy skills into the high school curriculum in Saudi Arabia: A Suggested Model For Saudi General Education System
Paper Proposal Text :
Knowledge and Knowledge-sharing is a most important tool in the educational process in the 21st century. However, many challenges stand in the way of making both students and educators aware of the importance of finding and accessing needed knowledge and in turning this awareness into action. This presentation is a theoretical review that examines the literature behind high school curriculum in Saudi Arabia and a report on a statistical study that investigates the information literacy (IL) scene in high schools in Saudi Arabia. The researchers aim to identify the knowledge gaps in the educational system and to come up with a coherent model of how to integrate (IL) within high school curriculums. We also hope to locate and define teachable ways in order to integrate (IL) as a major factor within high school education in Saudi Arabia. In this paper, (IL) is identified according to the definition of information literacy devised by the Council of Australian University Librarians (AUS). The council defines Information Literacy (IL) as \"an understanding and set of abilities enabling individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the capacity to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information\" [1]. This study uses content analysis methodology to evaluate the related literature and the survey methodology for collecting data from random sample of Saudi high school students from the city of Jeddah. Based on it, the researches will review and evaluate the Information Literacy (IL) guidelines, literature relating (IL) to general education within Saudi government high school curriculum, and perspectives of students regarding the relationship of their study to IL skills. The purpose of the study is to measure the integration of information literacy skills into the government high school curriculum in Saudi Arabia and find out if information literacy skills is integrated throughout into school’s curriculum and how.
The study examines programs and activities available through courses in the high school curriculum in Saudi Arabia and analyzes them using the five major ACRL standards, which can be summarized as follows:
Standard One - Identifying and developing a Topic
Standard Two - Searching and retrieving sources
Standard Three - Evaluating sources
Standard Four - Using Information effectively
Standard Five - Understanding the social and ethical aspects of information.
The study will be guided by the following research questions:
- What is the concept of Information Literacy and what skills an Information literate should have?
- How Information Literacy skills can improve high school students learning capabilities?
- How is Information Literacy Skills incorporated throughout all areas of Saudi High School’s curriculum?

Using the generated data, the study aims to enable information literacy in Saudi Arabia by mapping the current situation first and then by proposing a model to incorporate information literacy skills throughout all areas of school’s curriculum. As such, Saudi High schools can go beyond the activities we engage in now such as library orientation classes and isolated skills presentations into an all encompassing non-segmented model that responds to the needs and challenges of the 21st century. We hope to take this study further to investigate the (IL) scene in other GCC countries to look at common denominators and at variations and differences that would shed further light on both problem and solutions.

Information Literacy, information literacy skills, general education in Saudi Arabia.


[1] Council of Australian University Librarians . Information Literacy Standards. First edition. Canberra : Council of Australian University Librarians, 2001.