GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
Prathapar
 
First Name:
Sanmugam
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
THE POTENTIAL OF TRANSFORMING SALALAH INTO OMAN’S VEGETABLES BASKET
 
Paper Proposal Text :
Agriculture in the Sultanate of Oman is mostly small scale and is a part of the traditional way of life. The majority of the population benefit from agriculture, however little. 67% of the population was in households that had at least one crop or livestock holding where the output contributed to consumption or income. Since the year 2000, the Government spent RO 20.1 million on agriculture and fishery development, and another 39.4 million on water resources development. Furthermore, the government encourages farming by offering land, machinery, and advice. However, during the period 2000 till 2007, crop production has in fact gone down. In other words, despite being a capital rich country, willing invest in agriculture, it is increasingly becoming a food insecure country.

An in-depth analysis of Oman’s agricultural sub-sectors show that, house hold sub sector contributed 27% of the total value. Primary crop production in Oman in 2005/07 was 486.872 metric tons of which contribution of fruits and vegetables were 353,072 metric ton and 102,606 respectively. In comparison, only 26,206 metric tons of cereals were produced. The value of production of cereals and vegetables were 7.8 and 17.6 m ROs respectively. This comparison confirms that Omani’s prefer producing high value vegetables to Cereal crops. In addition to vegetables produced locally, Oman imported another 148,345 metric ton during the same period. Therefore, it is interesting to explore, if vegetable production in Oman can be further increased, resulting in an increase income and near self-sufficiency in vegetables.

If Oman choose to increase vegetable production, then it has to come from a major shift in its current land and water use practices, because almost all of its cultivable lands and available freshwater are fully utilized at present. In this paper we will explore if the Salalah region of Oman could be transformed into Oman’s vegetable basket, leading to self-sufficiency in its vegetable needs. Vegetable import pattern of Oman, and their agro-climatic, soil and water needs to produce them in Salalah will be contrasted against Salalah’s climate, availability of land and water. Potential trade-offs will be enumerated.

 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF