GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
Wu
 
First Name:
Bingbing
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
China-Gulf Relations
 
Paper Proposal Text :
China’s Gulf policy is determined by three key factors: China’s foreign strategy, the strategic structure of the Gulf region, and China’s core national interests in the Gulf. Those factors are results of the interaction of the international system, internal situation of China and the Gulf countries. China’s core national interests in the Gulf region currently include geopolitical interests, economic and trade interest, energy interest, and non-traditional security interest. The combination of China’s foreign strategy, core national interests in the Gulf and the Gulf region’s strategic structure determines China’s Persian Gulf policy, which has witnessed six phases till now: (1) focusing on Iraq (1958-1967), (2) focusing on revolutionary movements in the Gulf (1967-1971), (3) opposing Soviet expansionism (1971-1979), (4) focusing on Iran and Iraq (1979-1990), (5) focusing on Iran (1990-2001), and (6) focusing on Saudi Arabia and Iran (2001-2010). The Arab Spring in 2011 makes China to adjust its Gulf policy. A trend of multipolarization would be strengthened by the Arab Spring, which is in line with China’s core national interests in the Gulf region. China’s policy could be compared with Turkey. China never tried to establish any kind of hegemonic position in the region, while Turkey is trying to pursuit a leadership in the Middle East and the Islamic world.
 
 
 

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