GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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The Economic Dimension of the Indian Migration and Diaspora Policy
Paper Proposal Text :
India is among the most important source countries for migrant workers globally. The GCC states constitute a major destination market for Indian migrants. As per the 2013 Government of India estimates, approximately 6 million Indians are working in the GCC states, accounting for roughly one fourth of the GCC’s total migrant population, the majority being engaged in unskilled and semi-skilled activities. There is also growing feminization of these outflows. This migrant population plays a significant role in the GCC countries by meeting their labour market requirements and also contributes to the Indian economy at large and to the source communities in many Indian states, through remittances and opportunities for employment and better livelihoods.

This paper outlines the trends and characteristics in migration from India to the GCC region, the policies and recent economic and political developments in shaping these flows, and the resulting impact on both sides. The core of the paper focuses on the various issues that have assumed importance in the context of India-GCC migration, such as the welfare and protection of Indian workers including the most vulnerable groups, return migration and reintegration, irregular migration, role of recruitment agencies and intermediaries, facilitation of remittances and transfers and the framing of bilateral cooperation arrangements with the GCC countries to enable orderly and legal migration. The paper examines these issues, assesses associated policies in India and the GCC states and their effectiveness, identifies gaps and outlines possible steps to enhance the potential benefits from India-GCC migration, reduce related costs and mitigate the adverse effects.