GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
Fargues
 
First Name:
Philippe
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
Shaping Smart Societies - How Migration and Education Policies Meet in the Gulf States
 
Paper Proposal Text :
The paper argues that migration and education policies serve Gulf States’ ambition of building post-oil knowledge-based economies. On one side, oil wealth and its management by the state have made it possible for Gulf nationals to 1) enjoy an extremely fast development of school education, and 2) free themselves from 3D (Dirty, Dangerous and Demeaning) jobs, thereby giving birth to societies in which all (most) citizens end up belonging to educated middle and upper classes. On the other side migration policies, through a clear-cut distinction between low-income contract-workers not allowed to bring their families and middle- or high-income expatriates with a right to family reunion, have filtered those eligible to stay on economic criteria de facto linked to education and skills, thereby and creating a population of settled non-citizens all (mostly) belonging to educated middle and upper classes. As a result of the above processes, a particular segmentation of society has emerged, in which the low-income working class passes while middle and upper classes (comprising both citizens and foreign-citizens) are the only permanent members. The paper will gather empirical evidence to support the above-described mechanisms and discuss the sustainability of the resulting form of social segmentation.
 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF