GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Indian and Chinese security interests in the Gulf: Chinese perspective
Paper Proposal Text :
India and China, two of the most important economic communities in the world, have attracted a lot of attentions. Especially for the continuing high speed of the economic increases, the tremendous demands of energy and their efforts to ensure the steady supply became one of the main topics in many political and economic forums of the world. The Gulf is set to remain their important source of oil in the coming decades even if they are trying to look for the alternative one and hope to realize the diversity of the sources imported in recent years. Their relationship with the Gulf where is not only full of conflicts among religions, ethnics, territories except the external invention but also the most significant area of the strategic energy, has brought about a wide range of discussions at home and abroad. In China, developing the relations with the Gulf or the Middle East is not just an issue of the economic growth, but of the longevity of the communist party, which depends on economic growth to bolster its legitimacy and maintain domestic stability. For India, driven by great power aspirations and by strategic rivalry with china, India is expanding its naval capabilities and security relationships throughout the Indian Ocean region by developing relationships at the key points of entry into the Indian Ocean including the Gulf. But instability in the Middle East poses a serious challenge to the security of China and India. China and India have both the common security interests and the divergences or competitions. The article tries to make comparative studies on these two countries’ security interests and strategies in the Gulf by displaying the different security interests in the Gulf based on the analysis of different strategic demands, historically, culturally, politically, and economically. The research endeavors to find out the important parameters which have produced and will continue to produce significant influences on India and Chinese security interests. The article will also discuss how these elements make impacts on the decision-makers of India and China and influence the choices of their strategies. By terms of the outburst of the Arab Spring resulting in the wide turbulence which will reshuffle the political landscape in the Middle East, the research will make an analysis on the futuristic prospects of the possible cooperation or the potential competition of India and China in this region with reassessing the strategic changes of America, the only superpower in the world and the dominator of Middle Eastern international relationship, from the perspective of China.