GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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A Framework of Essential & Priority Requirements for the Development of Smart Cities: Riyadh City as an Example
Paper Proposal Text :
The development of smart cities is receiving increasing attention from internationally recognized organizations concerned with setting standards in various fields. These organizations include: the International Standards Organization (ISO); the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); the British Standards Institute (BSI); the World Council of City Data (WCCD); and others. Some of these organizations, like ISO and ITU, developed standard indicators to assess the development of smart cities in various parts of the world.
The scope of issues concerned with the development of smart cities is of wide scale. For example, ISO viewed smart cities as concerned with “17 fields”, and developed “100 indicators” for the assessment of progress in these fields toward smart cities [1]. The ITU viewed smart cities through “six main dimensions” branched into “39 subjects” and developed “79 indicators” for the assessment of “32 of these subjects” [2-4]. Both ISO and ITU emphasized the city infrastructure, and the services and management, with limited consideration to the citizen behavior. The citizen who enjoys receiving the services can have an important role in enhancing efficiency and effectiveness, and in initiating innovation for development.
The proposed paper uses the available literature to address two main integrated tasks. In the first task, the paper attempts to derive a core requirements framework, based on the dimensions of “strategy, technology, organization, people, and the environment (STOPE)”, for the development of smart cities considering two main conditions.
 The first is concerned with considering the essential requirements associated with the principles upon which smart cities are based [1-4[, and with the citizen behavior issues.
 The second is concerned with considering the priorities set by Saudi Arabia vision 2030 for the development of the country [5], while recognizing that these priorities are also shared with the other GCC countries.
In the second task, the paper moves forward toward applying the core essential and priority requirements framework to Riyadh city for assessing its current state on the one hand, and for planning its future development toward satisfying these requirements on the other.
The outcome of the paper would give an example to other cities in the GCC countries to assess their current state and develop plans to satisfy the essential and priority requirements. In addition, the developed framework can be gradually expanded in the future toward more comprehensive assessments and plans for all GCC and other similar cities.