GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Securing entrances to the Indian Ocean: The confrontation between Iran and GCC in the naval ports of the red sea and the northern part of the Indian Ocean
Paper Proposal Text :
GCC\'s role in securing its interest in the Red Sea and the northern part of the Indian Ocean specifically the western part of the Arabian sea is an essential element of Gulf security in general. But this matter is not only confined to the Gulf states, or the countries overlooking the Red Sea and the northern part of the Indian Ocean , as it is a key area of global competition between different countries in the world from the east to the west. Each country is trying to find its way whether legally or illegally in that region to secure its interests, especially in light of the tension in this region and its transformation into a global conflict spot both on the military and commercial levels.
The war in Yemen and the movements of the Al-Shabab terrorist organization in Somalia and policies of intimidation and warning adopted by both Iran and the major powers in southern part of the red sea and the eastern and northern parts of the Indian Ocean, all pose a real threat to Gulf security.
However, the real competition is between the Gulf states and Iran. Especially in light of the tension that embraces the region and the continuous breakthroughs of the Iranian orientations politically and economically to extend its influence and confirm its power as a key hub in the Middle East.
This square starts geographically from the ports of Assab and Massawa in Eritrea through the ports of Djibouti and the Somali coast and in the east side of the red sea through the ports of Yemen: Meedi, Ras Issa, Hodeidah, Mocha, and the strategic strait of Bab al-Mandab that connect the red sea with the Indian Ocean and down to the Gulf of Aden. The political and military sensitivity of this area has increased in the previous year within the scope of piracy , terrorist actions and the war of Yemen.
This cast a shadow over the Gulf-Iranian relations and geo-strategic policies of both poles GCC and Iran to impose their influence in this region.
During the past years up to the present time, Iran has been seeking exceptional policies in this area that hasn’t been applied elsewhere in the world to achieve a head start within scope of the competition with the GCC whether in the military sphere or in the economic, social, religion spheres. Iran adopts a multiple techniques methodology in a covert and gradual phases within a systematic planning to consolidate its influence in that region to secure the maritime outlets and build its own defensive and offensive strategies to protect its various interests.
On the other hand, the Gulf front in the face of this threat is inconsistent . It rather contains more contradictory policies which will reflect negatively on the Gulf security system and the GCC relations with the neighboring countries especially in the long run, whether in the Horn of Africa , in Yemen, or in India and Pakistan.
This paper aims to detect the competition mechanisms between Iran and GCC within the maritime ports of the Red Sea and the northern Indian ocean, and the implications of this competition on the regional and international security. And its implications specifically on Gulf security. In addition to that it also aims to reveal the differences between Iran and GCC with regard to the policies and methods that are adopted to exert their influence and ensure their presence in this geographical square. This necessarily will lead to reveal the extent of interrelatedness between the different policies of the countries in that region, and the policies of Iran and the GCC and the impact on the Iranian and GCC competition.