GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
The NATO and the threats to the Gulf regional
Paper Proposal Text :
The main idea

The transformations in the regional Gulf security in 2011 and until 2016 were not short-lived or temporary. Instead, such transformations will leave deep effects for years to come. These transformations are not related to traditional security challenges. Rather, they amount to a threat to the concept of unified national state with sovereignty over its territories. These transformations have also ended the dividing lines between the broader local, regional and global security levels. The Syrian crisis is a clear example to this, beginning as a local crisis, and ending up as an internationalized one. In addition, these transformations have led to imbalance in the traditional regional balance of power, with declining roles for some regional powers and growing roles for others.
Although these transformations were outside the territories of the NATO member states, the alliance was not away from them for two reasons. First, these transformation, in general, and the Syrian crisis in particular, has unified the threats facing the NATO from an eastern front comprising Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asian countries, and a southern front comprising the countries of North Africa and the Mediterranean Arab countries. A NATO official noted to this after the Russian intervention in the Syrian crisis, saying, “We used to talk about the eastern threat and the southern threat, but the two fronts interlinked now”. This is a serious security challenge to the NATO. Second, the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) Gulf member states have been and continue to be part of these transformations, influencing them and affected by them. This has raised questions by the Gulf public opinion about the security support that the NATO can provide to such countries. In other words, these transformations have put the Gulf-NATO partnership in a real test.
Based on what is mentioned above, this paper aims to answer three questions: What are the main security threats faced by the Arab Gulf countries during the period (2011-2016)? How has the NATO reacted to those threats? What are the opportunities and obstacles to the development of the NATO-Gulf partnership?