GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Evolving Concept— One Belt One Road and the Changing Role of Gulf States
Paper Proposal Text :
Evolving Concept—
One Belt One Road and the Changing Role of Gulf States
WANG Jin, PhD candidate, School of Political Science, University Haifa
Abstract: As the major initiative put forward by China since 2012, One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative has become the most eye-catching foreign policy “concept” of China, while the role of Gulf States in OBOR has become increasingly important. Although the OBOR initiative was first put forward by Chinese President Xi Jinping in autumn 2013, the concept of OBOR has experienced many changes during the following years. In this paper, we would trace the differences and changes of OBOR concept through both the important speeches delivered by Chinese leaders and documents published by Chinese government, including Xi Jinping’s speech in Nazrbayev University of Kazakhstan of September 2013, Chinese Prime Minster Li Keqiang’s speech in China-ASEAN Expo of October 2013, Xi Jinping’s speech in Mongolia of August 2014, Vice Prime Minister Zhang Gaoli’s speech on “Conference of OBOR” in February 2015, “Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road” published by Chinese State Council in March 2015, Xi Jinping’s speech on Boao Forum for Asia of June 2015, and Xi Jinping’s speech on “OBOR conference” of August 2016. Meanwhile, we would explore the interpretation of OBOR from several Chinese international political experts, including Prof Wang Jisi, Prof. Shi Yinhong, Prof. Li Xiguang and other Chinese scholars. We would analyze the evolvement of OBOR concept during the past years through four variables: Chinese domestic areas that related to OBOR, the foreign states and regions that China focus, the cooperation fields that OBOR covers, and the role of Gulf States. We would conclude that during the past years since 2012, the concept of OBOR has evolved significantly: the areas inside China that are related to OBOR have expanded from Western China to nearly all across China; the foreign states and regions that China focus have expanded from Central Asia, Eurasia and Africa to nearly all the states and regions in the world; the cooperation fields that OBOR advocates have expanded from economic to all-around; the role of Gulf states in OBOR has increased from the “energy cooperator” to “multi-level” cooperator.
Key Words: One Belt One Road; Gulf States; China; Middle East