GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Exploring Pan-Gulf Security Cooperation: A Japanese view and lessons from the Asia-Pacific Regional Security
Paper Proposal Text :
Japan aims to promote the policy of “Proactive Contribution to Peace” based on the principle of international cooperation. Japan’s National Security Strategy (2013) states that “Japan has contributed to peace, stability and prosperity of the region and the world. In a world where globalization continues, Japan should play an even more proactive role as a major global player in the international community.”
As for the Middle East and the Gulf States, “[s]tability in the Middle East is an issue that is inseparably linked to the stable supply of energy, and therefore Japan’s very survival and prosperity. Given that the Gulf States are the largest source of crude oil for Japan, in order to ensure the stability of the Middle East, Japan will engage in constructing multilayered cooperative relations with these countries, encompassing wide-ranging economic cooperation beyond resources and energy, as well as politics and security. In this context, Japan will play a proactive role in the resolution of major issues affecting the stability of the Middle East”. In recent years, Japan and GCC promotes mutual cooperation in a practical manner through the framework of the Japan-GCC Strategic Dialogue launched in 2010. Through experts’ level meeting, Japan and GCC promotes cooperation in the fields of Trade and Investment, Health, and Agriculture.
In this global and regional background, this proposed research will seek for answers to the following questions suggested by the workshop’s objectives and scope. First, this research will analyze the character, trends and extent of the changes in global/international politics which are affecting states in the Asia-Pacific and the Middle East and Gulf region today. Especially, the research will examine globalization and the shifting balance of power as major characteristics and trends, which affect both the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East and Gulf region. It is important to point out that the Asia-Pacific region turns into a wider Indo-Asia-Pacific in globalization.
Second, this paper will analyze the Asia-Pacific regional security architecture, and identify the structures, aspects and factors of regional security cooperation, which may be of use in taking forward a pan-Gulf security cooperation in the wider Gulf region. The proposed research will examine the case of Asia-Pacific security. Japan expand and deepen cooperative relationship with other partners and countries via the Japan-US alliance and regional security cooperation such as the East Asia Summit(EAS), the ASEAN Regional Forum(ARF), the ASEAN Defense Ministers Forum plus(ADMM plus), and the ASEAN+3 (Japan, China, South Korea). From a realist perspective, the US alliance network/web remains a cornerstone of Asia-Pacific regional security architecture, which is challenged by China’s rise and expansion. From a liberal perspective, there are various security cooperation and region-wide frameworks such as ASEAN-centered regional security dialogues. This research will argue that any sustainable international order needs a proper balance of three aspects and factors in international relations: (1) a realist balance of power, (2) a liberal international cooperation, and (3) an idealist international community.
Third, this research will also explore how Japan may relate to Gulf States and a pan-Gulf regional security cooperation. Since the end of the Cold War, Japan has supported the role of ASEAN-centrality in the Asia-Pacific multilateral security cooperation. Furthermore, Japan has contributed to economic development and prosperity of many Asian countries including ASEAN countries. For decades, Japan has played the role of facilitators to help in binding ASEAN and East Asian countries into wider international networks of trade, investment, and communication in globalization.
Considering Japan’s strength and experience above, this research will explore possible approaches and practical policy orientation of Japan’s contribution to the development of the wider Gulf security cooperation in various ways and fields such as:
 Mediation as a third party to solve conflicts and stabilization of state function
 Economic diplomacy utilizing Japan’s technology and experience of energy, resource and environmental issues
 Support of education and human development
 Cooperation in the field of counter terrorism
 Humanitarian assistance focusing on human security
This comparative research from a Japanese perspective is expected to contribute to Gulf Studies on regional security. With ongoing globalization and international interdependence, Japan can play more active and constructive roles in the wider Gulf region to develop a pan-Gulf security cooperation.