GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Bahrain Green town and sustainable construction legislation One Step Towards A Sustainable Energy security and climate change adaptation
Paper Proposal Text :
Workshop 4-Towards a Sustainable Lifestyle in the Gulf

Bahrain Green town and sustainable construction legislation One Step Towards A Sustainable Energy security and climate change adaptation.

Eng Salma Bani
Senior Executive Strategic Program Planning,
Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning.,
Telephone: Office: 00-973-17501630; Mobile: 00-973-39409222

Kingdom of Bahrain is one of the most densely populated islands in the region. The expansion in population and economic activities have led Bahrain to experience high annual growth rate of electricity consumption that varies average of 8 percent from 200 to 2005 to an average of 11 percent from 2005 to 2010 ( Imen Jeridi, 2012). Also, due to hyper arid climatic conditions; Bahrain is characterized by high temperatures, erratic and often scanty rainfall, high evapotranspiration rates and high humidity levels. As result of that, Bahrain’s vulnerability to climate change is influenced by a multitude of factors. These include climate, area, topography, geographic location, population trends, economic growth, energy production and consumption, use of land and natural resources, as well as other factors. Therefore, energy security, global warming, and sustainability are subjects of great interest today, in particular for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The Gulf countries are facing important energy challenges today, with energy consumption per capita levels among the highest in the world (International Energy Agency (IEA). (2015)). Thus, the typical approach to reduce these levels has been to adopt new energy-efficient technologies in various sectors. various intervention techniques and methods is also key to devising effective strategies and policies (European Environment Agency. (2013)).
Reference to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and Kyoto Protocol Commitments, Kingdom of Bahrain has taken practical procedures and has developed strategic plans to address the phenomenon of climate change with a view to enhancing environmental protection and conservation of natural resources. Bahrain 2030 National Planning Development Strategies project put a development plan concentrating on the possible ways of integrating environment into development. Environmental issues were given a special attention by emphasizing the necessity for conservation and protection of natural resources. The national strategic plan of ‘Bahrain 2030’ consists of 10 core strategies. In this paper the author will discuss the two related strategy which ministry of Municipalities and Urban Planning responsible to implement the national strategic plan of ‘Bahrain 2030’, which are :
1. The vision for environmentally sustainable development and objective to “Green the Country”.
2. Construction of a “green town” .
The objective of this paper is to reveal the vision for environmentally sustainable development to tackle the objective of “green the country” and Strategies for constructing “green towns”. In this paper the author will explore strategies for adapting the building sector to climate change through the use of green building practices. The aspects of green building explored in this research include the use of sustainable building practices through the implementation of building efficiency standards. Besides, it discusses Bahrain strategic plans to address the phenomenon of climate change with a vision for environmentally sustainable development and objective to “Green the Country” and construction of a “green town”.
Climate change adaptation will require shifts from current practices and transformation of our fundamental values. Due to pressure that today’s buildings place on energy and natural resource supplies, the climate change adaptation to building practices is required. the post-2015 development agenda and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted at the 2015 United Nations Sustainable Development Summit. Various questions will be tackled in this paper such as: How far is Bahrain from realizing SDGs? What is truly needed to achieve those goals and transition towards more sustainable energy security?
Green building practices diverge from conventional building codes by identifying standards of acceptable building performance and make an accounting for the life cycle of materials that comprise the structure. Through green building practices, we seek to address building design, construction, and operation in a comprehensive manner to reduce the overall environmental impact to the built environment, increase the efficiency of energy, water, and other resource use, and reduce waste, pollution, and environmental degradation. Finally, the paper will emphasize the need for regional building priorities in building practices. Bahrain Sustainable Construction Legislation will be used as a model for good example. The legislation aims to change the current buildings so that they are able to respond to environmental changes. It promotes the use of eco-friendly best practices by using modern technology and materials in future construction projects. Thus, Kingdom of Bahrain plans to achieve the sustainable urban development while preserving the green areas.
Keywords: Bahrain Green town; Sustainable construction legislation; Sustainable Energy security ; Climate Change Adaption.