GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

Family Name:
First Name:
Jwen Fai
Title of Paper:
The Gulf Region's Commitment to a Sustainable Lifestyle: A Bibliometric Study
Paper Proposal Text :
In recent years, the Gulf region has made efforts to shed its dependence on carbon-intensive energy sources in favor of a more sustainable lifestyle. One way to evaluate the progress the region has made thus far, as well as the region's commitment to the cause of sustainability, is to observe the research output of the region within the environmental, sustainability, and renewable energy field. As research is driven solely by people - funds and equipment are useless without minds to utilize them - research output is also a fair indicator of the importance which the region places upon its human capital, in particular people who participate within the region's knowledge-based economy. A very limited amount of research on general scientific productivity in the Arab world exists. None exists for the output in the field of sustainability for the Gulf countries or even the Arab countries. Our research seeks to help address this gap.

To study the Gulf countries' sustainability research outcomes, we rely upon two databases. The first consists of articles published in academic journals and the second consists of registered patents. The provider of the academic papers database is Elsevier whose Scopus database is the "largest abstract and indexing database worldwide". Scopus's records for Gulf countries contain thousands of publications and extend as far back as 1969. Authors are uniquely identifiable and their affiliations for each publication are listed. The source of registered patents information are the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), European Patent Office (EPO), and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Using these two very different types of data sources, i.e., article and patent records, facilitates comparison on the influences exerted by public (research institutions) and private (companies) sectors on the region's sustainable transition. Data on scholarly papers sheds light on academic research's role, while data on patents allows for the role of sustainable-solution innovations to be assessed.

Within the data, we seek to understand the similarities which bind the different Gulf countries and the differences which separate them. Aspects which we intend to explore include how research productivity in the field of sustainability has changed over the years. The impact made by the region's innovations and research, inferred from patent and paper citations, will be examined. Using Social Network Analysis, we also intend to investigate the collaboration pattern within the Gulf region, such as the degrees of cooperation, the size, the structure and they dynamics of the assembled teams, and the cooperation between public and private sectors. We will also identify the top authors and innovators from the Gulf region working in the field of sustainability and ascertain the share of publications and patents which can be ascribed to them. As the field of sustainability covers a wide spectrum such as clean energy, public transportation, policy making and smart technologies, we aim to analyze the research output of each Gulf country in each subfield and identify the regional and thematic trends.

Findings from our bibliometric study on the Gulf region's sustainability research output will reveal opportunities for the region to make stronger commitments towards a sustainable lifestyle. Moreover, we will derive policy implications directed towards tackling barriers impeding public and private sectors' sustainability research efforts and leveraging the region's unique strengths and capabilities to assist the region's transition to a green, knowledge-based economy.