GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

Family Name:
First Name:
hani ali hassan
Title of Paper:
Arab Shiites and Gulf relations with Iran
Paper Proposal Text :

Arab Shiites and Gulf relations with Iran
Dr. Hani Nesira, Dr. Amal Sakr
The problematic relationship between Arab Shiites and their nations from one side and Iran on the other, escalates from time to time. As Iran wants to monopolize the talk on behalf of the Shiites, claiming that it defends them, some observers and media mistakenly identify them with Iran. Here seems to be a confusion between belonging to the sect which is religious, and between the ideology and subordination to the “guardianship of the jurisprudent” (Wilayat al-Faqih), which comprises the minority, not the majority, of the Arab and Gulf Shiites.

This was manifested in several incidents since 2011 in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Bahrain, whether pro-Iran individuals or cells were targeted or Saudi Arabia was blamed for ISIS (Daesh) terrorist attacks targeting the Shiite, that increased during 2015.
Thus, this paper attempts to explore the following:
- The relationship between the Arab Gulf states and their Shiite citizens, and the variations within the Gulf Shiite space; in which the Shiite sect represents demographically, culturally and formally a considerable weight and an important actor, where many of its representatives stress their national and religious affiliations and reject the attitudes of the Iranian government and regime.

- The mutual influence between the Arab Gulf relations with Iran, and the relations between the sect and the State in the Gulf, and vice versa.

- How the Arab Gulf States deal with the Shiite minority, including adopting
a balanced -foreign relations in defending and following up on their conditions, highlighting the moderate characters. Many representatives of the Shiite communities, particularly in Saudi Arabia take steps that reflect their affiliation to the State against the pro-Iran extremists, such as the issuance of collective statements, believing that the State remains the only guarantee and shield against sectarian tensions. The State also takes similar steps.
Therefore, this paper will attempt to review these problems, represented by the many cases and incidents which reveal their tensions and repercussions internally and regionally, as well as existing and absent strategies from this relationship.