GRM 2010 GRM 2011

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Qatar has been appeared as an international actor in many fields from foreign policy to finance in the last fifteen years and has taken place in the discussions of international literature by increasingly being the focus of many studies in the recent years with its distinctive policies. Those studies are concentrated on the capacity of Qatar as a quite young and small state, for being an active and independent international actor at regional and global levels and obtaining a distinction from the other Gulf states and a reputation of getting far above to be a rentier, small Gulf Monarchy in the last ten years. To analyze the differences of Qatar in foreign and domestic policies from its neighbors, the other GCC States, the methodology and approach of the conception of \\\"strategic depth will be applied in this work.
Strategic depth paradigm formulates an equation on a state\\\'s relative gravity and power in international relations. This approach makes definitions of the elements combining the power equation. First definition is fixed data (FD) referring history, geography, population, and culture which are not to be changed in a short and medium term within the existing parameters. The second definition is potential data (PD) referring economic, technologic and military capacities. In the power equation; the total data (fixed data plus potential data equates to power of a state by being multiplied with strategic mentality (SM) plus strategic planning (SP) and political will (PW) so as; P= (FD)+(PD) x (SM x SP x PW)\\\"
Qatar\\\'s major characteristic policies at international and domestic levels that have been the main factors for Qatar to differ from the other Gulf states will be put forth with descriptive approach at the outset. Qatar\\\'s mediation initiatives for peace making and conflict resolution in the major conflicts of the Middle East such as Yemen, Lebanon, Sudan and Palestine-Israeli conflicts will be explained. Qatar\\\'s foreign policy will be identified particularly with its different approach to the Arab Spring than the other GCC States and its balance policy at multi-regional levels. Qatar\\\'s domestic policies with its strategies in its social contracts through the state formation and its characteristic modernization aspects will be identified. Qatar\\\'s financial activities at global level will be another main factor to be described and will be followed by the definition of Qatar\\\'s ideological and religious aspects as a different interpretation of Saudi Wahhabi creed with historical base. After having defined all of these main aspects of Qatar’s foreign policy and politics, the differences of Qatar policies will be analyzed by two significant; historical and leadership dimensions which produce multiplying effects when they meet to the existing assets of the hydrocarbon energy resources, finance, culture, language, geography and politics which belong to the common ground where Qatar shares with the other GCC States. Historical factors with the great importance in the state formation of Qatar since nineteenth century during the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial eras will be analyzed with different aspects. The leadership as the complementary factor of the great importance will be used to analyze Qatar policies with the particular emphasis on the former Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad, that has ongoing impact on Qatar’s rising, by referring to the elements in the power equation of the Strategic Depth; strategic mentality, strategic thinking and political will as explained above.
Qatar is a very appropriate case to analyze with the \\\"strategic depth\\\" conception. Having reached to strategic depth coordinates, Qatar has obtained a sphere of influence where it imposes its own independent and active foreign policies with its peacemaking and compromising approaches based on successful balance policy in the Middle East that have a remarkable global impact. The other Gulf monarchies sharing the same geographical, historical, economic, ethnic and cultural backgrounds with Qatar could not create the same impact of the total value that Qatar achieved to brought together as explained above. The disparity between Qatar and the other Gulf states can be explained with the fact that those states have not reached the strategic depth coordinates where Qatar has greatly achieved in the past fifteen years.

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