GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
Rehabilitating the Yemeni Defence and Security Establishment
Paper Proposal Text :
"• Reconstruction of Yemen’s military, given the extent of damage inflicted by the war, the loyalty of army units to former President Salih, and the competing tribal and sectarian militias"
This paper sets the scene by initially cataloguing and examining the history and drivers of the formation of regular armed forces (in both Southern and Northern Yemen), and efforts – particularly external expertise, funding and concerns – to carry out security sector reforms (SSR), starting in the 1940s. It also examines where historical efforts at SSR have failed, why this was so and what the consequences of those failures were.
The paper examines the state of defence and security affairs under FM Pres Ali Abdallah Salih, especially the defence and security environment since 2000, and the problems that arose as a result of both the domestic political situation, and the domestic and regional security environment. It identifies the structural issues and examines efforts by the International Community (principally the US) to conduct and implement a SSR programme within the constraints of the Arab Spring and on-going counter-terrorist operations.
Having established that baseline, the paper continues by reviewing Yemen’s current defence and security situation and its likely future (5 – 25 years) defence and security needs from a practitioner’s standpoint. It suggests an outline national security structure into which the Yemeni Defence and Security Forces would fit. Having established the requirement, this paper then – noting both the threat and budgetary constraints, and possible political constraints – lays out a suggested way forward for Yemen’s Defence and Security Policy and Architecture, to include force structures, strengths, dispositions, operational and training cycle, equipment and procurement policy, and Human resources, to include the role and rights of retired service personnel.
Having identified a suitable organisational structure and dispositions for the Yemeni Defence and Security Forces, the paper will examine means of re-integrating and professionalising the various units and sub-units, militias and tribesmen and forging them into national armed forces.
Finally, using practices from a variety of regional and foreign armed forces coupled with current and emerging technologies, the paper suggests means to monitor and ensure compliance with the SSR programme, reduce the possibility of corruption and nepotism, and improve efficiency and effectiveness. It also suggests areas where the International Community may partner with Yemen to assist in implementing, embedding and ensuring a lasting SSR programme to deliver appropriate, levels of capability, adequately trained and well-led, to secure Yemen’s future, come what may.