GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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First Name:
Title of Paper:
Socialnetwork among migrants in Saudia Arabia:Opportunities and implications
Paper Proposal Text :
Amira Y. Badri, Associate Professor Social Development Studies
Seham A. ElAzab, Assistant Professor in Sociology
King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, SA
Department of Sociology and Social Work

Workshop 4: Socio-economic Impacts of GCC Migration

Title of the paper:
Social networks among migrants in Saudi Arabia (SA): Opportunities and implications

The social structure of migrants in SA has quite diverse structure and setup. Accordingly the social networks of these diverse structures among the migrants are varied in homogeneity, functions, contributions and implications that traced in both receiving and sending countries.
Saudi Arabia as one of the leading gulf countries has as quite long history of migrants since the 1960s. The booms of migrants originally come from Asia and the Arab countries, mainly, Sudanese and Egyptians. The social structure of the Arab people is clearly different from those come from Asia continent. The main features of Arab migrants have been changed since 1970s until 1990s. the flow of Arab migrants was mainly from skilled professionals and semi-skilled categories. However, recently gradual changes were taken place in the characteristics of the Arab migrants which include some few unskilled labours and young adults.
This paper will discuss results of a pilot research that will be conducted among social networks of both Sudanese and Egyptians in Jeddah city, SA. The main conceptual framework of the research is based on the analysis of two interrelated concepts and issues. First, the concept and theory of social network will be analyzed as a medium that builds social relationship between members of same groups and how the relations influence on the beliefs and the behaviours. Second, the issue of identity and security will be identified as elements for the formation of the social networks and for the sustainability of the groups as migrants.
The general assumptions of the research are that social networks find good opportunities for securing the social and economic remittances of the migrants and facilitate for promoting cultural relations and identity in the receiving country. The main objectives of the research will focus into four interrelated issues: first is to analyse the structural-function of the social networks; second, explain the opportunities and challenges confronting the social networks; third, examine the elements of implications on SA society and institutions as perceived by the networks; finally, identify perceived future visions of the social network members in the context of their social and economic remittances in both countries..
The research will be a qualitative one in both method for data collection and in analysis. Structured interview sheet will be designed and formal and informal interviews will be conducted with members and executive members of the social networks.