GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
Factors influencing arms trade policy
Paper Proposal Text :
Factors influencing the Arms Trade Policy :
With especial reference to the Gulf States

The paper aims to focus upon the factors influencing the arms trade in general and will examine the motives that arise the requirements for weapons with especial reference to the Gulf States. The demand for arms reflects either external or internal conflicts or a combination of both, and the arms supplies by great powers to the Gulf region, is one of the crucial factors has been responsible for instability of the region, in one hand, and cash – rich oil countries is considered as most attractive market on the other.
This arms trade policy is primarily used to serve political, strategic and economic interests. With reference to SIPRI & Military Balance, world military expenditure is running high and arms trade policy can be seen as a result of the arms race, both in the world as a whole and among the Gulf States in particular.
Therefore, participation in the arms race becomes an attractive factor that has not been used as an instrument of national security, but also to seek another objective, the aspiration for an achievement of national prestige.
The Suppliers also exports arms because of their wish to ensure the flow of raw materials, especially energy ( Oil & Gas ) and other basic commodities, to their own countries. They wish to ensure markets for their own manufactured products and the Suppliers may also need arms exports to ensure the long-term survival of their military industries.
In other words, exports are central to the military industry, the growth of the industry has to closely associated with the growth of its exports in order to ensure full employment of capital and labor and can also protect the industry from fluctuations in government demand, and could ensure a stable level of employment in their industries.
Thus, arms sales to the Gulf States could be largely described in terms of the strategic need to defend military industry, in which could be expressed under the slogan “ Export or Die ” as a major justifiable factor in Arms Trade Policy.
Another pattern is called a state of dependency, the acquisition of arms from major powers usually brings about a state of dependence, because the supply of arms from major powers usually reinforce hegemony and the dependence of the recipient countries. Hegemony tends, to result in monopoly situation where there are no alternatives for the recipients but to accept dependency upon a single supplier, especially when the recipient countries are deeply involved in historical conflict and their disputes at a high tensions cannot been solved.
The other factors, the country seeks regional dominance or wishes to acquire sophisticated weapons for reasons of national prestige; The acquisition of weapons is, to more extent, influenced by the involvement of the major powers, seeking to promote their interests in the region and also the arms transfer mainly becomes a commercial objectives.
These possible reasons will be the theme of the presentation.

Professor Abdelhafid Dib
President of Scientific Council
Faculty of Political Science &International Relations
University of Algiers 3