GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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First Name:
Title of Paper:
Demographic changes and unity in Yemen since the Arab spring
Paper Proposal Text :
On 14th January 2011, Tunisians managed to end the totalitarian regime settled 23 years ago by the General Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, initiating a wave of protests called the Arab spring. After a few weeks, many other Arab countries followed the same process, with more or less success. Yemen has been one of the first Arab nations that entered into turmoil just after Tunisia. As a result, many changes occurred in the Yemen society.
This study proposes to focus on the socio demographic changes occurred in the “new Yemen”, trying to show to what extent these changes were related to the Arab spring, and if these changes are sufficiently important to threat the unity of the country. In fact, in Yemen, the past four years witnessed some drastic changes in the pyramid of ages, migration processes, urbanization, level of education, position of women in the society, unemployment, under-employment, globalization,…
What were the main socio-demographic consequences of the Arab spring in the particular case of Yemen? To what extent was the rising fertility a consequence of the Arab spring in the post-revolution Yemen? Could we support the idea of splitting Yemen in two parts, one with the traditional demographic behaviors and the other part with the people having adopted new behaviors? These are some of the questions to which I will try to find answers in the study.
The research is organized into four sections. The first one examines the changes in nuptiality (age at marriage for example) and fertility (number of children per woman) that took place during the transition process. The second part of the study examines the changes in health, and in particular in mortality and morbidity (infant mortality, maternal mortality,…). The last part of the paper tries to show to what extent the past four years impacted on other demographic aspect in the “new Yemen”, and in particular on migration and urbanization. The last part of the study tries to understand if these changes were sufficiently important to threat the unity of the country.
My main demographic source will be the official statistics issued by the United Nations fund for Population Activities, and the Population Reference Bureau.


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