GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Revolution, Regime Types, and Regional Interactions
Paper Proposal Text :
During 2012-2013, Egypt\'s relationship with the GCC could be characterized by a pendulum, which swung between competition and covert conflict, courtesy President Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood. As soon as his group and him kick out from the power by army-supported uprising on the Thirtieth of July 2013, the relations start to improve, in less than twelve months, the relations between Egypt and Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) become a formal alliance.
This major shift in the regional dynamics and interactions can find its sources in many factors and elements. One of them is the regime type in Egypt and in GCC.
Many scholars have discussed the relationship between the types of political regimes and the nature of relations between states. The question they try to answer is: Do the similarity between regimes increase the cooperation between states and international unites and vice-versa? If there is a link, to what extent would it effect? Is it the only elements that explain the nature of relations between states in the time of turmoil or are there other factors? If so, what are these factors?
In this study, we are trying to clarify the impact of regimes types that are found in Egypt during the period from 2011 to 2015, on the GCC-Egyptian relations. We argue that the relationship between the two parties during this period has been changed, according to the regime type in Cairo. Using event analysis tool and contents analysis methods we find that: during Morsi’s administration, because his ideological and political orientations, the relations with GCC countries was cold and isolated, because Gulf countries consider Muslim Brotherhood’s regime as a source of threat and instability, while, on the other hand, they consider the regime that come to power after 30 of June 2013 uprising as an ally and a source of stability, which increase the volume of cooperation and constructive engagement between Al-Sisi’s regime and Gulf countries, especially with the power triangle in the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, and Kuwait).
By comparing the Gulf behavior towards Egypt during the periods of President Morsi and President Al-Sisi, we can understand how regime types can affect the relations between states, and how it can determine the course of bilateral and multilateral relations between Gulf Arab states, Egypt, and perhaps even on the Gulf regional relations, specifically towards what so-called Arab Spring countries.
This paper is divided into four sections. The first section will deal with the theoretical debate on the relationships between Revolutions and Nation-state external behavior. On the other hand, this section also will discuss the effects of the type of regime on the relations between states, especially in time of turmoil and democratization.
The second section will analyze the Egyptian-Gulf relations during Morsi Era’s (2012-2013) as a case study of the type of relation mentioned above.
Moreover, the third section will discuss the relations during Al-Sisi first year in power (2013-2014).

In the final section, a comparison between both periods before and after the revolution of the 25th of January 201, will be analyzed. Through this analysis, the validity of the argument stating that there’s a direct correlation between the Regime Type and the nature of inter and intra-relations between countries will be evaluated.