GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

Family Name:
Abdel Aziz
First Name:
Title of Paper:
Egyptian Irregular Migration to the Gulf: The Role of Legislation, Policies, and Practices
Paper Proposal Text :
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region is a popular destination for Egyptian workers who seek ‘temporary’ employment opportunities and higher standards of living. In fact, Egypt is one of the major labor-sending countries to the GCC. In return, the GCC hosts that largest number of Egyptian migrant workers as compared to Egyptian workers in other regions. While the majority of Egyptian migrant workers in the Gulf are regular migrants, there are Egyptian migrants who are staying in the GCC through irregular means. This paper will focus primarily on irregular migration and in particular the role of legislation, policies, and practices that enable and sustain the irregular migration of Egyptian migrants to the Gulf. To do so, the paper must achieve four objectives. Firstly, the scope, forms, and patterns of Egyptian irregular migration will be discussed. To fulfill this objective, the paper will focus on the following forms of irregular migration: overstaying, visa trading, running away, and trafficking. Since there is minimal documentation of the numbers of irregular migrants in the GCC, and in particular the number of irregular migrants segregated by nationality, the paper will aim at providing the most updated estimates to the phenomenon. An examination of the root causes and the practices that generate and perpetuate irregular migration is the second objective. The root causes and the practices are essential in understanding the push and pull factors that are contributing to the irregularity of Egyptian migration and in evaluating the role of legislation and policies in the country of origin as well as the countries of destination. The third objective of this paper will focus on the legislations and policies in Egypt as well as the GCC. The paper will address Egyptian legislative and policy elements that enable and sustain irregular migration to the Gulf and the gaps in the laws pertaining to migration management in the GCC. To fulfill this objective, the paper will not only outline the policy response to irregular migration but will also seek to evaluate them in order to observe whether the initiatives taken by the countries of origin and destination are effective in combating and preventing irregular migration. As a final objective, the paper will offer policy recommendations for Egypt and the GCC that can contribute to the enhancement of the management of irregular migration in the region.