GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
Assessment of Knowledge Cooperation Opportunities between Saudi Arabia and the BRICS
Paper Proposal Text :

Assessment of Knowledge Cooperation Opportunities between Saudi Arabia and the BRICS

Saad Haj Bakry (*) Abdulkader Alfantookh
Consultant, Ministry of Higher Education, Information & Planning Deputy Minister of Higher Education for Planning & Information
Professor, King Saud University Professor, King Saud University

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Extended Abstract
The countries identified as the BRICS, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, have grouped together, in the early years of the 21st century, to become an important economic block that enjoy advanced development, and that also represent an emerging powerful global economic power. Identifying cooperation opportunities between the BRICS countries and the GCC countries, of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE, which also represent an important global economic block, would be beneficial to both blocks. This paper is concerned with assessing knowledge cooperation opportunities between the BRICS and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), which is largest country and the main economic power of the GCC block. For this purpose, the paper presents an approach for the target assessment; it applies the approach to identify potential knowledge cooperation opportunities using international statistics; and it assesses these opportunities and derives directions for future cooperation plans.
The assessment approach introduces a knowledge development framework based on the refinement, activation and integration of the activities of UNESCO knowledge society framework, and on the available international indicators associated with these activities. These activities include knowledge: generation; preservation; diffusion; and utilization; leading to development. The indicators associated with these activities involve measuring: research and development; education and training; creative and new industries providing new products and services; information technology utilization; in addition to various development issues. These indicators are derived from reliable international sources, including: the global innovation index (GII); the global competitiveness index (GCI); the knowledge assessment method (KAM); and the network readiness index (NRI). The approach then derives sub-indices for the various knowledge activities, and an index for the whole knowledge development framework. These would enable viewing and comparing the state of knowledge in different countries according to different levels of details.
The BRICS and KSA are then investigated using the knowledge development framework and the available international statistics. For every indicator, differences of results between KSA and each country of the BRICS are assessed. The assessment criteria identify and classify the resulted positive and negative gaps. Using the assessment, knowledge cooperation opportunities are derived considering KSA versus each of the BRICS, and versus the BRICS as a block. The resulting opportunities are then prioritized according to the potential level of the opportunity and according to the Saudi national development plans. Based on this specific recommendations for future cooperation between KSA and the BRICS are concluded.
The outcome of the paper would provide three main contributions to the addressed problem. The first contribution is the knowledge development framework that provides a useful tool for the assessment of knowledge cooperation opportunities between countries. The second is the application of the tool to the assessment of the case of KSA versus the BRICS. The third is the derivation of specific recommendations for future knowledge cooperation between KSA and the BRICS. It is hoped that this paper would establish the base for actual cooperation that would be beneficial to all parties concerned.
Abdulkader Alfantookh is the Deputy Minister of Higher Education for Planning and Information in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He is also Professor of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University. He received his PhD in 1995 from Illinois Institute of Technology, USA. His current research is mainly concerned with information and communication technology planning; and the development of the knowledge society. (
Saad Haj Bakry is Professor of Information Networks, College of Computer & Information Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. He received his PhD from Aston University in Birmingham, England, in 1980; he is a Chartered Engineer and a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, UK. In addition to his academic work on the investigation and design of information and communication networks, he is concerned with knowledge society research. (
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