GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Emiratisation, Employment and Social Development in UAE
Paper Proposal Text :

The labor market and employment in UAE exhibit some unique features. It relies, to an important extent, on foreign labour and its Emiratis force is largely employed in the public sector. The large share of foreign workers in the UAE labour force is a consequence of its rapid economic development. UAE is one of the leading oil producing country and the revenues from oil exports have provided the foundation for the accelerated development of its economy. The rapid growth of the economy generated an equally increasing in employment. The rising demand for labour was largely met by attracting foreign workers. Nevertheless, since the last decade, UAE government concerns to increase participation of Emiratis workers in the private sector and to reduce its reliance on foreign workers led to the adoption of policies aimed at substituting foreign for Emiratis workers. These policies are known as Emaratisation and include restrictions on the employment of foreign workers in the public sector. In fact, career opportunities across nationality are strongly differentiated across nationality and gender. Jobs, opportunities, employment relationship and work conditions are significantly different across Emiratis and foreign worker. The small presence of female labour force also shows some differences.
The aim of this study is to explore the social development, the conditions of employment and career development in UAE, which are found to be strongly segmented across nationalities. It discusses the main factors shaping employment and career development in UAE, including employment policy, education and training, labor regulations, and recent emaratisation policies aimed at reducing dependence on foreign labor by involving emirates nationals in the working life. The large inflows of foreign labour, and their conditions of employments, made possible rapid economic development in UAE, while protecting the incomes and status of the Emiratis labour forces. The implementation of emaratisation faces important constraints, especially in the private sector, but signals an important change in employment policy and career development.

Keywords: employment, social development, Islam, regulations, public sector, private sector, Education, Gender diversification, UAE