GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
Hamaizia
 
First Name:
Adel
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
Cross-national Heterogeneity of Hofstede\'s \'Arab Countries\'
 
Paper Proposal Text :
The purpose of this study is to investigate cross-national heterogeneity across
two countries within Hofstede’s (1980) ‘Arab countries’ cluster. The two
countries, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and United Arab Emirates (UAE)
are compared across two cultural dimensions, power distance and uncertainty
avoidance. Within-country heterogeneity, pertaining to citizenship status and
public and private sector workers, is also analysed.

The research employed a methodological replication of Hofstede’s (1980)
seminal work on national culture and workplace values. The same survey is
distributed (though online), and then answered by professionals in both KSA
and UAE (n = 451). The relevant formulae are used to compute scores from
responses pertaining to the cultural dimensions. Literature is reviewed to
determine key cultural influencers in Arab countries.

The study found significant differences across cultural dimensions in both
countries. KSA remains extremely similar to Hofstede’s original score on the
power distance dimension whereas the UAE exhibits a lower score. The
uncertainty avoidance dimension displayed substantial disparity across KSA
and UAE and even larger difference when compared to the original score. The
results reinforce the need to disassemble Hofstede’s ‘Arab countries’ cluster
into nation states (at the least) for more rigorous cross-national research in
this region.
 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF