GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

Family Name:
First Name:
Prof. Degang
Title of Paper:
The US Military Bases in the Gulf Cooperation Council States: Dynamics of Readjustment (1991-2014)
Paper Proposal Text :
The establishment of foreign military bases is one of the most essential tools for the outside powers to project their military influence, to grab the regional resources and to politically exclude other powers from seeking hegemony. The US military base deployment in the Gulf, acted as the “beachhead”, has gone through three historical stages since the demise of the Soviet Union, i.e. the Gulf War in 1991, the 9/11 terrorist attacks in 2001, and the Arab Spring since 2010. Since the end of the Gulf War, the US military bases in the GCC states evolved in function from the sole containment of Iran to the dual containment of Iran and Iraq; Since the outbreak of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the US readjusted its military bases in the GCC states which featured two attributes. First, the task of the bases transformed from dual containment to the more complex and enduring tasks of safeguarding the Gulf security, countering terrorists and containing Iran. Second, the major military base distribution has shifted from Saudi Arabia to Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and UAE, so a multi-faceted security mechanism under the US leadership has taken shape vis-à-vis the Iran-proposed “Gulf collective security initiative”. Since the outbreak of the “Arab Revolution”, the US deployment of military bases in the GCC states, shaped by Obama Doctrine of shifting US strategic focus to the Asia-Pacific regions, has revealed five distinct features, i.e. the bases are extending geographically, diminishing in size like “lily-pads”, stronger in mobility, multi-dimensional in functions, and are gradually interlinked with other US bases in Central Asia, Turkey and Djibouti in the Horn of Africa.