GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

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Title of Paper:
The Future of Qatar’s Labour Force: Labour Force Projections (2010-2030) based on the Results of the 2010 Population and Housing Census.
Paper Proposal Text :

The discovery of oil in the 1930s and subsequently that of gas in the 1970s marked a new era in the economic development of Qatar. Today, with the net migration rate of 93.9 (UN) in the period 2005-2010 and 87% of non-nationals (Qatar Statistics Authority), Qatar tops the list of countries with the highest number of foreigners in the world. Besides the high fertility rate of the Qataris, this growth has been primarily due to the inflow of migrant workers, mainly males, attracted by earning opportunities provided by the oil rich nation.

This paper aims at providing the reader with updated labour force projections based on the recently published 2010 Qatar Population and Housing Census. The paper will provide background information on population growth in Qatar, including immigration, and discuss different factors that can be attributed to the labour force trends in the country. Before conducting the projections, the author will present and discuss a number of methods for projecting labour force and assess their strengths and weaknesses. Because of the highly volatile population caused by predominantly foreign labour force, Qatar is not an easy case for conducting projections. The final numbers will be reached based on a number of assumptions regarding primarily fertility and migration flows. It remains to be monitored to what extend Qatar’s labour force will continue to be dependent on foreign workers and how will Qatar cope with the need of developing qualified labour amongst the Qatari citizens.