GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

Family Name:
First Name:
Title of Paper:
Saudi Labour Law and its Impact on Indian workers: A Study of Aligarh, India
Paper Proposal Text :
Saudi Labour Law and its Impact on Indian workers: A Study of Aligarh, India

Creating jobs for Saudi citizens is on the top of the agenda in Saudi Arabia and is bound to gain more momentum with the youth bulge. Efforts to create jobs for nationals through the “nationalization of the labour market” have been further intensified as a response to increasing unemployment among Saudi nationals. The Arab Spring which has resulted in the overthrow of old regimes in Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen and Libya has intensified and renewed push to reduce unemployment in Saudi Arabia. Consequently, additional policy measures are being announced highlighting the need to replace expats with nationals in private and public sector.
Present paper is an attempt to explore and analyse the impact of new labour laws of Saudi Arabia on Indian workers. Indians constitute the largest migrant community in Saudi Arabia for a long time. In 2013, the percentage of Indians in the total population of the Kingdom was 6 percent and 18.42 percent in the total non-national population. 18, 00,000 Indians were in Saudi Arabia in 2013. This large number of Indians not only gets benefit of handsome wages and remittances but also contribute in economic development of Saudi Arabia through working in higher to lower level employment sectors and accepting lower wages as compared to indigenous population.
This work is an in depth study of socio-economic impact of new labour laws on the workers of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. Aligarh has been selected for the study because Muslims are here in sizeable number and moreover Aligarh is a city of India where the first Muslim university of India is situated. Workers from Aligarh go to Saudi Arabia in every employment sector ranging from education, IT sector, industries, and low skills to blue collar jobs.
Selected social variables for the study are workers family life; education of their children, health of family members and impact on overall social status. The selected economic indicators are chances to retain present jobs; impact on the remittance flows; impact on further job prospects; plan of Indian Government for Nitaqat hit expatriates and other economic consequences on workers from Aligarh.
Quantitative and Qualitative data has been collected through questionnaire and interview methods and relevant analysis tools have been applied.