GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
Haddish
 
First Name:
Rasheeda
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
The Increasing Migration of Ethiopian Female Domestic Workers to Oman
 
Paper Proposal Text :
During the past few years, there has been an increase of Ethiopians, both female and male, traveling to the GCC region, legally and illegally, to work as domestic workers. During this period of time, there have been many reports on the abuse of Ethiopian domestic workers by their employers, who are more often than not GCC nationals. The rising number in cases of abuse has led to the Ethiopian government banning their citizens temporarily, from working as domestic workers in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.
The Sultanate of Oman is the only country in the GCC region that does not have an Ethiopian Embassy or Consulate; they currently share one with Yemen, located in the capital of Sana'a. The lack of an Ethiopian Embassy or Consulate within the borders of the Sultanate of Oman is slowly becoming an increasing issue because of the growing number of Ethiopian nationals who are migrating to Oman to work as domestic workers.
Ethiopian nationals, mostly females, have been working in Oman as domestic workers for many years now, but the numbers have always been relatively low. It's within the past few years, specially last year, that there has been a large increase in the number of Ethiopian nationals moving to Oman to work as domestic workers. This increase in migration is due to a couple of reasons; one being that the Indian government has enforced rules that set a minimum wage their citizens working in Oman as domestic works in shall receive. Another reason for the increase in migration of Ethiopian domestic works to the Sultanate of Oman is due to the abuse many Ethiopians received while working in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. In November of 2013, thousands of Ethiopians were deported back to Ethiopia because they were working there illegally and did not have proper work visas. During this time, there were also cases of abuse against Ethiopians by Saudi nationals which eventually led to the Ethiopian government banning their citizens from traveling to Saudi Arabia to work. These events have only aided in the increasing number of Ethiopians migrating to Oman to work.
It was reported that Ethiopians were the third largest group of immigrants to Oman this past year; this number will only continue to increase. There is an estimated 43,00 plus Ethiopians currently living in Oman, mostly as domestic workers.
This research will study the migration of Ethiopian female domestic workers to the Sultanate of Oman. This research will focus on Ethiopian female domestic workers working in Omani households. This topic is important to study because of the growing trend of migration to GCC region. The effects the growing number of Ethiopian migrants to Oman has on Oman and Omani households will also be examined. The research will also cover life in Oman for the Ethiopian female domestic workers and will focus on issues such as: cases of abuse, work conditions, accommodation, salary, etc. It will also compare the quality of life of Ethiopian female domestic workers in Oman to other GCC countries.

-Rasheeda Haddish
 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF