GRM 2010 GRM 2011

Abstract Details

 
AUTHOR NAME
 
Family Name:
Taha
 
First Name:
Faisal
 
ABSTRACT OF PAPER
 
Title of Paper:
CASE STUDIES OF SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF ‘BIOSALINE AGRICULTURE’ IN MENA REGION
 
Paper Proposal Text :
CASE STUDIES OF SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF ‘BIOSALINE AGRICULTURE’ IN MENA REGION

Faisal Taha and Shoaib Ismail

International Center for Biosaline Agriculture, Dubai,
United Arab Emirates
http://www.biosaline.org



ABSTRACT

The biggest challenge for the century is how to feed the increasing world population, estimated to be about 11 billion by the year 2100. Currently around 5 billion people are living in arid and semi-arid regions, where the availability of arable land and good quality water for sustainable agriculture is lagging behind. The food deficit in most of the countries is linked to many factors, with climate change, increasing temperature and scarcity of water being the dominant ones.

The availability of water has also emerged more prominent, since new water sectors have developed and the allocation to agriculture sector has been severely reviewed and criticized by scientists and policy makers. Currently this sector is reported to use 70-80% of the fresh water available globally and 80-90% in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. In order to meet the deficit of good quality water and sustaining agriculture, alternative water resources, such as treated wastewater and drainage water are also used in many countries. However, still the gap is wide enough and in many countries groundwater are used, which is usually saline/brackish

This paper focuses on the use and management of saline/brackish water through ‘Biosaline Agriculture’ management practices. Biosaline agriculture is a specialized form of agriculture where crops and cropping patterns are adjusted to the prevailing conditions of saline/brackish water and land and hence the system has minimal use of fresh water. In addition to grow conventional and non-conventional crops, forages and others, an important parameter is the management of land and water resources to optimize production and reduce adverse effects on the environment. Crops and production systems that can be grown includes, food, feed/forage, fuel, oil, fiber or ornamental purposes.

The focus and examples in this paper will be drawn from success stories in the MENA region. In addition to discuss the technical and environmental benefits, the paper will also highlight the socio-economical aspects of the approach. Case studies from various developing countries in the region, in addition to results from research and development projects undertaken by regional and international centers will be used for illustration.
 
 
 

WITH THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF