GRM 2010 GRM 2011

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The nexus between education and globalization has its own merit in the academic research arena. With the advent of globalization coupled with advancement in the field of information and communication technology, there has been a sea-change in the way organizations function, the way communication occurs, the way initiative-taking supersedes obedience as a trait for professional success etc. This phenomenon has resulted in evolving different strategies to provide education at various levels to cater for the dynamic job market. At this juncture, education plays a major role in molding younger generation to undertake tasks that have been the outcomes of globalization by empowering them to have complex thinking process through team playing efforts. Such transformation in the field of education would produce better equipped work-force who can take on the challenges posed by globalization. Globalization has definitely created innumerable opportunities to progress economically. In fact, globalization has created dual work atmosphere for women where they work outside the home and at the same time, they own the major responsibility for most of the unpaid work in the household. However, because of the limited participation in economic activities and of being branded as category for lower salaries, women face an uphill task in terms of achieving equality in the society. Gender equality in the field of higher education is, therefore, considered as an indication of the social growth of any economy, especially in a country like Sultanate of Oman where female population accounts for about 49% of total population with majority of them are of younger generation. In view of the above, the main objective of this study is to analyze gender related performance of students in higher education in Sultanate of Oman. Thus, this study resorted secondary data in the field of higher education for period of three years with respect to the academic aspirations, age and preference for career of Omani students who were more or less born during the early 90’s, enjoying the fruits of globalization during their life. Apart from the above, the study also looked into the academic performance of female-students vis-à-vis their male counterparts in undergraduate study, for which primary data was collected from one of the colleges in Oman. While statistical tools like cross tabulation and percentage analysis were used to analyze secondary data, correlation and regression were performed to analyze the effect of academic performance of participants in this study. It has been observed in this study that relatively younger generation of female has more inclination towards higher education when compared with their male counterparts who opts for higher education even in their 30’s. It was also found that females do prefer careers in sectors like health, and natural and physical science which are physically less-demanding as compared to engineering jobs which remained as male-dominated one. However, it was also identified in this study that most of the female-students were having lesser career aim as compared to their male counterparts. Nevertheless, analysis using primary data indicated that female students perform academically better than their male counterparts. Also, the location from where they hail i.e., urban or rural did not have any influence in predicting the academic excellence of students under this study. These findings of this study are of much relevance to policy makers to strategize effective measures that would create a more conducive learning environment for female students which will foster their participation in the nation building more concretely and effectively.